Brin Beyer

  • In identifying a specific genotype as the source of the increased responsiveness of plasmid B, one can notice the following: (a) plasmids with the A15 polymorphism (plasmids A and C) are not associated with significantly different levels of gene expression regardless the type of B polymorphism, (b) plasmids with the B7 polymorphism (plasmids C and…[Read more]

  • IntroductionFeline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1) is a species-specific herpesvirus that causes rhinotracheitis, including sneezing, oronasal and ocular discharge, fever and lethargy, in infected domestic cats (Gaskell et al., 2007). Although disease can be more severe in young or immunocompromised cats, FHV-1 disease is normally self-limiting. Once the…[Read more]

  • ConclusionsThe discussion presented in the current review has clearly established the role of different operating parameters such as initial polymer concentration, type of polymer including the presence of substituent, volume of solution, time of ultrasonic treatment, ultrasonic intensity/power, frequency of sonication, nature of gas, temperature…[Read more]

  • Models for contact mechanics define the relationship between the contact stiffness and the elastic properties of the sample. In most general terms, for contact geometries of three or fourfold symmetries, k depends on the diameter of the contact area and reduced Young’s modulus E.Reduced Young’s modulus E is calculated from the indentation moduli…[Read more]

  • Brin Beyer posted an update 1 week ago

    Materials and methodsResults and discussionConclusionAcknowledgementsIntroductionPharmaceutical science and technology is one of the possible target fields for terahertz (THz) spectroscopy; this technique is especially sensitive to quality degradation during the manufacturing process and with respect to shelf life. For example, polymorphs and…[Read more]

  • Brin Beyer posted an update 1 week ago

    These results raise the question whether more time is necessary once the intravascular parasites have been eliminated to show a significant improvement of the vasculature or if there is not any significant recovery after the adulticide treatment in dogs with chronic vascular damage. It should be considered the duration of the infection; this…[Read more]

  • IntroductionHerpes zoster (HZ), a painful and debilitating disease seen most often in the elderly and immune compromised, is the clinical manifestation of reactivation of the human alphaherpesvirus Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) from a neuronal latent state that was established during the primary infection, chickenpox (varicella). HZ affects about a…[Read more]

  • Thus, to develop new approaches for analyzing the immune response of naturally L. chagasi-infected dogs or dogs immunized against CVL, in vitro co-culture systems with macrophages and purified T-cells would be useful. However, there is so far no standardized methodology for this purpose, and these tests usually only involve a system with…[Read more]

  • Cytokines play an important role both in the development of a functional order VE-822 as well as in the responses of the organism to infections (Schijns, 2000). Interleukin-18 (IL18) is a potent interferon γ (IFNγ) inducing factor (IGIF), enhances Th1 immune responses. It was also shown that IL-18 also promotes the Th-2 type responses and i…[Read more]

  • Brin Beyer posted an update 2 weeks ago

    CHIKV isolated from many parts of south east Asia (Cambodia, Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia) revealed E1:A226V mutation, where Ae. albopictus is the XMU-MP-1 species (Duong et al., 2012). Interestingly, CHIKV circulating and causing major outbreaks in Ae. aegypti dominated areas do not demonstrate this unique mutation. All the isolates…[Read more]

  • Leishmania positive Hsp70 RT-PCR products (240bp) were sequenced commercially (RefGen) and analyzed using BLAST® ( Hsp70 gene sequences were analyzed using Geneious R8 and a neighbor-joining tree was constructed using the Tamura-Nei genetic distance model (Tamura and Nei, 1993; Kearse et al., 2012). Leishmania…[Read more]

  • In China, dogs and/or cats were usually fed in many mink farms. Mink may therefore act as an intermediate host providing parvoviruses the possibility of transmitting between divergent hosts (Wang et al., 2012). The etiology and epidemiological surveillance of the parvovirus should be strengthened for mink industry.Competing interests…[Read more]

  • Recently, there are several novel molecular markers used to assess genetic stat 3 inhibitor in medicinal plants as well as in the genus Ocimum as because of its independency, highly polymorphism nature and stability [18]. Most widely used molecular markers are RAPD (Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA), RFLP (Restriction Fragment Length…[Read more]

  • Brin Beyer posted an update 3 weeks ago

    ConclusionsThe present review shows that order Phos-tag the Trichinella sp. risk in the international animal and meat trade is linked mainly to horses, whereas pigs and wild animals or their derived products infected with Trichinella sp. are unlikely to reach the international market by the official meat trade. A tight control should be exerted…[Read more]

  • To our knowledge, this survey is the most comprehensive evaluation of veterinary services in animal shelters across North America to date. Other studies (Lord et al., 1998, 2006; Steneroden et al., 2011b; Spindel et al., 2013) have evaluated the prevalence and nature of veterinary relationships and the practice of certain veterinary procedures in…[Read more]

  • Using CRISPR/Cas to define cellular factors that facilitate or restrict virus replicationViruses have very compact genomes and therefore rely on the host cell for many activities required to support their replication cycle. Conversely, viruses are pathogens and put selective pressure on their host organisms, thus selecting for cellular restriction…[Read more]

  • ConclusionThus, based on practicality and the results obtained, a prototype of the DAT kit using NAC plus urea in the sample diluent, was developed with L. Infantum promastigotes for canine VL diagnosis, here designated DAT-Canis. The prototype was composed of 10 freeze-dried antigen vials, one 10X concentrated rehydration solution vial, one 10X…[Read more]

  • The only previous kinematic study of which we are aware observed no differences in joint motion between pelvic limb amputees and control patients except for a greater ROM in the tarsal joint of amputees (Hogy et al., 2013). Our findings confirm this observation and indicate that this greater ROM results from changes in the maximum and minimum a…[Read more]

  • Brin Beyer posted an update 4 weeks ago

    Materials and methodsResults and discussionConflicts of interestAcknowledgementsThis project was supported in part by Agriculture and Food Research Initiative Competitive Grant no. 2009-01626 from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture.IntroductionSalmonella enterica serovar Gallinarum biovar Pullorum (S. Pullorum) is the leading…[Read more]

  • Brin Beyer posted an update 1 month ago

    Cleavage of host proteins by CVB proteasesIn addition to host proteins required for autophagy and the host antiviral response, CVB has been shown to cleave dystrophin, a vital protein in the heart which supports muscle fiber strength (Badorff et al., 2000). Cleavage of Phos-tag Acrylamide by CVB viral 2A protease following infection is thought to…[Read more]

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